Friday, March 30, 2012

Name: - Italiya Kinjal

Paper:-E-C-404 Mass comm. & Media studies

Topic: - “Cinema” – Impacts of cinema on Indian society

Roll. No: - 09

Submitted to Dr.Dilip Barad

Dept. of English

Bhavnagar Uni.

“Cinema” – Impacts of cinema on Indian society

In this modern age newspapers, motion pictures, radio, television, and magazines, all of which have the technical capacity to deliver information to millions of people. Following the screening of the Lumière moving pictures in London (1895) cinema became a sensation across Europe and by July 1896 the Lumière films had been in show in Bombay. The first full-length motion picture in India was produced by Dadasaheb Phalke, a scholar on India's languages and culture, who brought together elements from Sanskrit epics to produce his Raja Harish Chandra (1913), a silent film in Marathi. Dada Saheb Phalke is considered as the 'father of Indian Cinema'.

Regional Cinema

Hindi cinema

The Hindi language film industry of Mumbai—also known as Bollywood—is the largest and most popular branch of Indian cinema. Hindi cinema initially explored issues of caste and culture in films such as Achhut Kanya (1936) and Sujata (1959).

Gujarati cinema

The film industry of Gujarat started its journey in 1932. Since then Gujarati films immensely contributed to Indian cinema. Gujarati cinema has gained popularity among the regional film industry in India. Gujarati cinema is always based on scripts from mythology to history and social to political. Since its origin Gujarati cinema has experimented with stories and issues from the Indian society. The first Gujarati movie, Narasinh Mehta, was released in the year 1932 and was directed by Nanubhai Vakil.

Bhojpuri cinema

Bhojpuri language films predominantly cater to people who live in the regions of western Bihar and eastern Uttar Pradesh. These films also have a large audience in the cities of Delhi and Mumbai due to migration to these metros from the Bhojpuri speaking region. Besides India, there is a large market for these films in other Bhojpuri speaking countries of the West Indies, Oceania, and South America. Bhojpuri language film's history begins in 1962.

Bengali cinema

The Bengali language cinematic tradition has had reputable filmmakers such as Satyajit Ray, Ritwik Ghatak and Mrinal Sen among its most acclaimed. Recent Bengali films that have captured national attention include Rituparno Ghosh's Choker Bali, starring Aishwarya Rai. Bengali filmmaking also includes Bangla science fiction films and films that focus on social issues. In 1993, the Bengali industry's net output was 57 films.

The social impact of the cinema on Indian society

Violence in the cinema

One of the more controversial areas of study of the cinema is what effect the cinema has on us. This is particularly timely as eyes are on Hollywood and the violent a final theory on the effects of violence in the cinema has evolved out of more recent studies. It is the Cultivation Theory. Rather than predict that we will turn to or from violence, it looks at how we’ll react to the violence. The central assumption of the theory is that in the symbolic world of media, particularly TV, shapes and maintains audience's conception of the real world In other words, the cinema, especially it, creates fantasy world that is mean spirited and dangerous. It also creates stereotypes of dominant/weak folk in society.

Catharsis in cinema

The first of these theories suggests that rather than be harmful violence in the cinema actually has appositive effect on society. The central assumption of the Catharsis Theory is that people, in course of daily life, build up frustrations. Vicarious participation in others' aggressions helps release those tensions. In other words, every day we frustrations in us build up. Without a release valve we risk the chance of becoming violent, or at least aggressive. You do poorly on a test. You have to park to far away from the classroom. Some jerk cuts in front of you on the freeway. You get home and your significant other, or a child, starts demanding your attention. You snap back by yelling or hitting. That counts as violence as much as shooting someone. It is only a matter of degree. The Catharsis theorist would say that by watching violence in the media you release some of that tension and are less likely to be aggressive or violent.

Impact of the cinema on youth

The social impact of the cinema in India is also seen in the nationwide popularity of film-based programs on various television channels. It's mostly the young generation that has been caught up by the film-song programs. Popular film song has gone very deep into the Indian collective memory and conscience. In a nutshell, my presentation will take up some concrete examples of what impact the cinema has on Indian society by and large - including how the classical villain eventually turned into a hero or how social values underwent a certain change. Popular films have even been changing people's dress and hair styles; in Bombay, even shoes would be branded after a box-office hit film. The cinema's social impact is reflected in the way censorship operates in India. In colonial India, the local, police controlled, film censorship, was mainly political in nature, but in post-colonial India it has acquired moralistic overtones; you'll touch upon some recent examples in this realm. We think it's the state that constantly finds itself insecure v/s society at large and artists in particular. All said and done, the cinema hasn't yet shed its mystical hallow in India.

Cinema can impact on our life as we want to have on us. As we all know all films are made on fiction so assume them as fiction story and need not to give them place in our life. From many years cinema was having morale for our life and the people also love them and grasp good values from then as Alam Ara and Raja Harishchandra film of 1935. So it's our will what to accept or not. By cinema is responsible to spoil Indian youth because nowadays film immersed in mud of pornography, stunt, and item song. They do bad impact on our mind. Government should make some strict rule in make film. But it also depends on we people that what is we get from movies something good or bad. According to me movies are not bad or good it is depend on situation that which movie are coming I the market and at that time to take diction by the public that it should be watching or not, because in our country there are two types of audience first who are like to traditional and second are want to only entertainment. With society broadening its mind the movies are getting bolder and bolder. Movies inspire, motivate and improve once understanding of social gestures. But youths are also inspired by seeing those hair raising stunts, smoking (a style statement) and "cool dude" stuffs. However we totally believe its once perspective as to what he absorbs. If a person at a particular stage develops bad habit it need not necessarily be due to movies

Movies already spoiled India and so much of the world, people who do movies or lazy ones and they are the weapon of devil to destroy the world, whatever you see or hear you will think it, after while it shall come become a habit and soon you shall do whatever you think, finally your life will be adjusted with. So don't look or think bad things films or corrupted, When taking on our future (children), we suppose to act that better they (children) don't face the demerits of what we faced in our times from the society. Only then we can call, what we’re doing is development. Movies are created to provide refreshment and recreation to people. Not only for recreation, they create awareness about happenings in our surroundings, but now a day’s movies Have a great impact On not only youth but also on children. Impact mainly depends on us. Any movie will have bad and good ELEMENTS and it is ourselves who should be able to distinguish between them. If we take positive things in a movie we definitely have a positive impact. Nowadays the creation of movies has become completely commercial. Nobody is thinking of the society. They are thinking only about money. There are also movies that make us to wake up. On the other hand the film industry is giving A livelihood to many artistes, technicians etc.

Impact of cinema on children

As a small example for the impact of movies on children

Among all cinemas play a major role in impacting the thinking pattern of children? The question is whether the influence is positive or negative.

Children watching too much of movies and TV during their growing can affect their mental development, health, conversation with adults and their interaction with other children. Children get very much attracted to the roles that involve interesting characters. They try to imitate such roles. When we have 'heroic' characters that are full of mean jokes, deception of drinking and violence; there is no exaggeration in saying that the child is not secure in such environment. Although many movie producers make good movies without violence, many people don't embrace such type of movies. Adults should decrease promoting violent movies and programs. We can see a change in trend from old to new movies. Most of the old films are taken with a goodtheme.ManyT.Vchannels play vital role in exposing a child to unwelcoming ideas like how a criminal attempted to murder, how a victim attempted suicide, how to hit a person in a cruel way or how to accomplish things using violent ways. Thought it is not a good idea to blame on media that they are producing murderers or teen-shooters in schools, if a child decides to go in that direction, media is helping them by teaching how to do it.


Coming to the point of youth, youth is a part of life where we get much to enjoy. In any stage of life we do not have that much power and enthusiasm and also time to watch movies.


  1. Hello Kinjal ! Its a a good topic with brief valuable details but a with less formatting you have posted.

  2. Hello!!! Kinjal
    your assignment on "cinema" is nice. you have covered all points of cinema that I like most also I agree with Ami's view that put all contents with good formatting. overall nice assignment, but I could not understand the point "Catharsis in cinema" so say something about that.

    1. Hello, Pooja
      Here I talk about "Catharsis in cinema" bcoz as a audience while watching cinema some time the situation or character connected with our life and through this our emotion our filling our anger came out.And in cinema theory of catharsis play vital role to succeed it.

  3. Hello Kinjal!
    You have written very well about the impact of the Cinema on society and the thing that I liked much is that you started your topic from the origin of Cinema which shows your deep reading about it and makes your assignment effective.
    Keep it up...
    All the Best for Exam!